East Newton car park: 27th November 2013
This page lists many of the military pillboxes and some other (mainly) wartime remnants found along the Holderness coast of East Yorkshire, from north to south, in situ and on the beach.
Because of their ease of recognition and relative durability, such structures where appropriately placed are convenient for illustrating the extent of coastal erosion as well as changes to the beach.
UK Grid Reference Finder is a useful tool for locating a listed item. Copy/paste the TA sequence, letters and numbers, into the Grid Reference box on the finder page, and press Go.
TA 16668 64393 in field
TA 16791 64159 corner of field
TA 17064 63719 cliff top
TA 17034 63349 ‘eared’ pillbox, on beach
TA 17027 62723 on beach
Earls Dyke, north of
[grid reference to confirm] bunker, on beach
Earls Dyke, south of
TA 16616 61275 in field
TA 16892 61148 cliff top
Barmston, north of
TA 16892 60683 cliff top
TA 16923 59613 in field
Barmston, south of
TA 17047 58842 in field
TA 17100 58595 by side of drain
Barmston Outfall, south of
TA 17073 58484 in field
TA 17207 58220 cliff top
TA 17121 58071 in field
TA 17394 57505 edge of cliff in caravan park
The arrow marks the location, lost under a mass of vegetation and about 15 metres from the cliff, of the pillbox at Ulrome Seaside caravan park in 2003.
Taken 4th December 2013, the picture positions the same pillbox, with enveloping material removed, at the cliff edge.
This structure has since been demolished and the debris removed.
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2014 (11 years) at nearby Profile 22 totalled 23.14 metres.
Skipsea, south of
TA 17725 55769 in field
TA 17902 55467 in field
Skipsea, Cliff Road
TA 17969 55174 between road and field
TA 18072 54632 in field
TA 18940 52204 in field
Atwick, north of
TA 19286 51981 concrete base, on beach
Atwick (end of Long Lane)
TA 19459 51248 in field
Atwick (behind Long Lane)
TA 19384 51155 rectangular, in field
Atwick, south of
TA 19654 50756 caravan park
TA 19785 50395 in field
TA 19691 48134 gardening allotments
TA 19855 48258 behind bowling club
TA 22553 44212 in village
Although the pillbox at Mappleton is close to the cliff edge, defence works protect it into the foreseeable future.
TA 23845 42184 (main piece) fragments of structures on beach
TA 24147 41721 brickwork remnant
TA 25940 38913 in field
TA 26636 38061 car park
(TA 26341 38627) sliding down cliff
TA 26411 38550 on beach
Two of the four East Newton boxes were erected close to each other, one being a larger departure from the more common ‘lozenge’ type, its function being different.
In satellite imagery dated early 2003, both structures are seen 27 metres back from the cliff edge. The southernmost unit descended the cliff in 2011-2012 (see Ringbrough and lower page at Sea Field Project).
The above photographs demonstrate how a pillbox can be used for noting beach changes. Taken on 27th November 2013, the first picture shows a full, sandy beach.
Compare this with the scene in the second picture, from 16th February 2014, where the upper beach is completely removed to expose the clay platform. A few metres further along, the larger unit can be seen on its descent to the beach.
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2014 (11 years) at nearby Profile 65 totalled 38.20 metres.
Video of storm waves breaking over East Newton pillbox on beach (06/12/13):
Windows Media Player (.wmv)
TA 27329 37265 tower on beach
Ringbrough Farm (site of)
TA 27245 37189 by side of entrance
Ringbrough, south of
TA 27821 36542 on beach
In its descent, the pillbox south of Ringbrough moved laterally to seaward, by some 30 metres, as it followed the slope of the receding cliff face.
Picture top right shows the structure recently deposited at the foot of the cliff, capped by a thin mat of vegetation, blast wall attached. A mudflow oozes round it on to a low beach. The date is 5th May 2012.
Bottom left, a year and a day later. The blast wall is now detached and lies somewhere under high sand.
Another low beach, on 22nd September 2014, reveals the fallen blast wall. The ‘doorstep’, once supporting the wall, is now separated from the rest of the base and has dropped slightly.
Cliff loss for the period May 2007 to spring 2014 (7 years) at nearby Profile 70 totalled 18.05 metres.
TA 28753 34940 in copse
TA 29063 34347 in field
TA 29827 33777 on beach
Similarities to the record at Ringbrough south.
In the left column, satellite imagery depicts the southernmost Hilston pillbox at the cliff edge in 2003 and, using the same frame of reference, its arrival on the beach after cliff recession (image date May 2007).
Lateral displacement is about 27 metres. A slight change of orientation is apparent. The blast wall, designed to protect the entrance, has become detached and lies some 14 metres distance. (The ‘tail’ in the image is in fact a corner of an incomplete concrete base partly in shadow.)
The picture at upper right, taken 17th September 2011, sees the structure stting on a low beach after further positional disturbance, this time by wave action. Below, on 28th September 2013, Hilston pillbox is largely buried.
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2013 (11 years) at nearby Profiles 76 and 77 totalled 22.67 and 29.61 metres respectively.
TA 30162 32894 boundary between fields
TA 31192 31960 cliff top
TA 31682 31305 end of Seaside Lane
TA 31668 31012 boundary between fields
TA 31995 30717 boundary between fields
TA 33033 29359 corner of field
TA 35706 26051 on beach
At the beginning of 2003 the Hollym pillbox lay 13 metres inland from the cliff line and by 2008 was at the cliff edge. On 3rd September 2012 the distance from its position on the beach to the cliff base was stepped out at 140 feet (about 42.5 metres).
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2014 (11 years) at nearby Profile 96 totalled 52.97 metres.
Holmpton, The Runnell
TA 36678 24686 mouth of dyke
Satellite imagery dated 01/01/2003 places the pillbox 39 metres behind the mouth of the dyke. In spring 2013 the tilted structure could be seen about to be deposited on to the beach.
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2014 (11 years) at nearby Profile 99 totalled 41.22 metres.
Holmpton, Seaside Road
TA 36961 24316 cliff top
Holmpton, Old Hive
TA 38077 23029 fragment at mouth of dyke
Even smaller pieces such as this can be useful as reference markers for noting beach changes. In the left picture, from 31st August 2013, the fragment serves as a rest point. The nearshore sea is discoloured brown as a result of eroded clay held in suspension. On the right, taken 30th May 2015, beach level is lower by a metre.
The Three Sisters, Dimlington High Land
TA 38968 21879 (centre) on beach
also Fourth Sister at cliff top TA 38928 21863
On the beach at the northern end of Dimlington High Land zone are three specifically shaped concrete blocks, with another in situ at the top of the cliff.
The original function of the pieces, once grouped on (the highest) land, is obscure but they probably served as a mounting for detection equipment used by the military.
As elsewhere, the objects assist in observing beach changes. The pictures presented top to bottom in the right column provide an example.
12th May 2012. A very low beach exposes the blocks almost entirely. The accompanying mudballs are a sign of active cliff erosion.
3rd September 2012. The beach has a moderate-to-good cover overlain by cross-shore shingle.
31st August 2013. A runnel passes round the base of the nearest block while a sand ridge occupies the foreground. These identify a beach feature known as an ord system. Upper beach shingle is cliff-parallel.
11th August 2014. The ord has moved on. A distinct transition from upper to lower beach is seen at lower right of picture. Propped against the middle block, a metre-long rod offers scale.
In the picture to the left, the Fourth Sister protrudes from the top of the cliff, not long to join the others [03/04/13].
The Fourth Sister has now begun to descend [30/05/15].
TA 40791 18921 on beach
Easington, south of
TA 40860 18534 on beach, inverted
The south of Easington pillbox, which at the start of 2003 was perched on the edge of the cliff, lies on the beach upside down and open to the sky. In the picture, taken 2nd January 2014, fragments of the base remain attached to the walls.
Cliff loss for the period autumn 2003 to spring 2014 (11 years) at nearby Profile 114 totalled 20.54 metres.
TA 40979 17723 by side of dyke
TA 40986 17440 in field, close to beach
Kilnsea, north of
TA 40452 16808 by side of dyke
TA 40953 15792 on bank of estuary at bend in road
Only the blast wall retains original position as the pillbox at Kilnsea slips to the shore of the Humber estuary. Curving away in the distance is the Spurn peninsula.
Godwin Battery, Kilnsea
TA 41374 16206 west of battery, in copse
TA 41745 16080 various structures, mostly on beach
Spurn Nature Reserve
TA 41676 15373 estuary side of road
(Installations at the tip of Spurn not included.)