East Yorkshire coastal erosion


 East Riding of Yorkshire location location

This page lists many of the military pillboxes and some other (mainly) wartime remnants found in situ and on the beach along the coast of the East Riding of Yorkshire south of Bridlington, the greater part of which is called Holderness. Entries are presented from north to south.

Because of their ease of recognition and relative durability, such structures are convenient for illustrating the extent of coastal erosion as well as changes to the beach.

Pillboxes in the list are often of the lozenge type, a design specific to the north-east of England. Other structures are described accordingly.

UK Grid Reference Finder helps in locating a listed item. Copy/paste the TA sequence – letters and numbers – into the Grid Reference box on the finder page, and press Go.

Most entries include a reference in square brackets as used in the Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey.

Bridlington north

TA 21035 69182 [BR24] on golf course

TA 19807 68411 [BR65] eared pillbox, remains on beach

Wilsthorpe / Carnaby

TA 16668 64393 [CA5/CA7] in field

TA 16791 64159 [CA10] corner of field

TA 17064 63719 [CA24] eared pillbox, cliff face

TA 16770 63680 [CA27] in field


TA 17034 63349 [CA33, ‘Earwig Villa’] eared pillbox, almost on beach, resting against anti-tank wall (see Chris Kolonko)

TA 17029 63292 [CA34] beach light, on beach

TA 16724 63172 [BA3] side of field

TA 16987 63607 to TA 16956 63320 row (290 metres in length) of six square pillboxes

 beach light at Fraisthorpe: 28 June 2018

TA 17029 63292 [CA34]

During World War Two, the low-lying coastline from Bridlington to Barmston was extensively prepared for resisting enemy invasion. Anti-tank blocks were placed at the foot of dunes or the cliff to form a continuous line, with pillboxes and other structures positioned behind.

Surviving military material marks the course of the upper beach as it was in 1941. The line curves steadily away as cliff loss increases southward down the coast – see map‑chart.

Viewed from pillbox CA33, the picture shows a concrete housing for a light by which to illuminate the beach in the event of a night-time attack. Cliff retreat is apparent [28 June 2018].


TA 16868 62781 square pillbox [BA10] in enclosure on east side of Auburn Farm

TA 17027 62723 split base and collapsed remains of eared pillbox, on beach
(see Alex Francon)

TA 16855 62692 square pillbox [BA19] in field south-east of Auburn Farm

TA 16727 62639 square pillbox [BA22] in field south of Auburn Farm

TA 16898 62309 paired square pillboxes [BA30] opposite sides of dyke

TA 17012 62098 collapsed remains of an eared pillbox, on beach

TA 17013 62050 [BA34] beach searchlight, on beach

 beach searchlight at Auburn: 28 June 2018

TA 17013 62050 [BA34]

Another beach light. This piece, originally at the cliff, lies almost 70 metres out [28 June 2018].

Earls Dyke, north of

 north of Earls Dyke, 1952

TA 170( ) 620( )

The coast between Auburn and Earls Dyke once featured dunes, reported as long-established. As elsewhere, anti-tank blocks were laid down in 1941, at the line of the dunes.

Towards the end of the decade, wave action washed the dunes away. The gap left by removal is shown in this picture, taken during the Valentin survey, 1952.

Earls Dyke, south of

TA 16616 61275 [BA67] in field

TA 16880 61149 [BA74] square pillbox 12 metres inland of BA75

TA 16892 61148 [BA75] cliff top

Barmston, north of

TA 16869 60687 [BA190] square pillbox 22 metres inland of BA84

TA 16891 60685 [BA84] cliff top

TA 16426 60475 [BA90] in field

TA 16735 60229 [BA94] square pillbox, in field

TA 16443 59939 [BA104] side of field

TA 16737 59700 [BA111] in field on former field boundary

TA 16923 59613 [BA118] in field, plus square pillbox 46 metres to south

 view from pillbox north of Barmston: 22 September 2017

TA 16891 60685 [BA84]

Pillbox BA84 is one a handful of pillboxes that currently sit near the edge of the cliff. (Directly 466 metres to the north and sharing the same orientation, pillbox BA75 is in an almost identical situation.)

In the background, the line of anti-tank blocks indicates the scale of cliff recession since the pillbox was put up in the early 1940s [22 September 2017].

Blocks and the remains of other military structures sited in the approaches to Barmston were recycled around 1978, this time to serve as a defence against the waves – see Sands Lane.

Barmston, south of

TA 17048 58842 [BA152] in field

Barmston Outfall

TA 17100 58595 [UL2] by side of drain

Barmston Outfall, south of

TA 17073 58484 [UL3] in field

TA 17207 58220 [UL72] cliff top

TA 17121 58071 [UL11] in field

 pillbox south of Barmston outfall: 22 September 2017

TA 17207 58220 [UL72] – 1

Seen here also at the cliff edge, this pillbox formerly served as a measuring point during the erosion post era of monitoring cliff recession.

Between 1952 and 2010 (59 years), a loss was recorded of 104.84 metres, an average of 1.78 metres per year.

The cliffs at this location are subject to differential erosion of till units, and a clay shelf is evident [22 September 2017].

 pillbox south of Barmston outfall: 22 September 2017

TA 17207 58220 [UL72] – 2

Scaling rod is one metre overall.


TA 17394 57505 [UL38] edge of cliff in caravan park

TA 17414 56776 [UL58] in field

 Ulrome caravan park pillbox (Google Earth): 2003

TA 17394 57505 [UL38] – 1

The arrow marks the location, lost under a mass of vegetation and about 15 metres from the cliff, of the pillbox at Seaside Caravan Park [Google Earth historical: 2003].

 pillbox at Ulrome: 4 December 2013

TA 17394 57505 [UL38] – 2

Pillbox with enveloping material gone, at the cliff edge [4 December 2013].

The structure has since been demolished and the debris removed.


TA 17407 56350 [UL65] caravan park

Skipsea, south of

TA 17725 55769 [SK3] in field

TA 17902 55467 [SK8] in field

Skipsea, Cliff Road

TA 17969 55174 [SK13] between road and field

Skipsea Withow

TA 18059 54730 [SK50] square pillbox at side of dyke

TA 18072 54632 [SK18] in field

TA 18395 54466 [SK63] square pillbox in field

TA 17937 54409 [SK33] in field

TA 17873 53950 [SK40] in field


TA 18730 52740 [AT3] in caravan park

TA 18940 52204 [AT11] in field

Atwick, north of

TA 19286 51981 concrete base, on beach

 concrete base on beach at Atwick: 26 May 2013

TA 19286 51981

Not a wartime remnant but once part of a North Sea gas facility constructed at the cliff top 1973 to 1975 and extended in 1983 [26 May 2013].

Atwick, Long Lane

TA 19459 51248 [AT23] in field

Atwick (behind Long Lane)

TA 18997 51781 [AT18] in field

TA 19384 51155 [AT24] rectangular, in field

Atwick, south of

TA 19654 50756 [AT49] caravan park

TA 19767 50409 [AT58] in field

TA 19785 50395 [AT59] in field


TA 20108 48553 [HO28] housing estate

TA 19866 48259 [HO38] behind bowling club

TA 19691 48134 [HO41] gardening allotments

TA 20875 47095 [HO117] behind caravan park, Hornsea Burton


TA 22553 44212 [MA24] in village

 Mappleton village pillbox: 5 October 2013

TA 22553 44212 [MA24]

Although the pillbox at Mappleton is close to the cliff edge, coastal defences protect it into the foreseeable future [5 October 2013].

Cowden, opposite MoD site

TA 23845 42184 (main piece) fragments of structures on beach

TA 23871 42100 [MA73] fragments of structures on beach

TA 24147 41721 [MA74] brickwork remnants

See Great Colden page.

TA 24204 41588 brickwork structure

 military remnant on beach at Cowden: 12 July 2017

TA 24147 41721 [MA74]

Beach walkers approach a military remnant south of Cowden [12 July 2017].

 newly descended military remnant at Cowden: 12 July 2017

TA 24204 41588 – 1

The newly descended piece was originally positioned within the MoD site at TA 24193 41578. Scaling rod is approximately one metre overall length [12 July 2017].

 inscription on military remnant at Cowden: 12 July 2017

TA 24204 41588 – 2

Markings made during construction can often be found on military items. The inscription on the upper surface of this piece reads:
23 1 43 F. EVINGTON


TA 25499 39599 [AL10] farmyard

East Newton

TA 25940 38913 [AL30] in field

TA 26341 38627 [AL60] on beach

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] on beach

TA 26557 38600 [AL63] on beach

TA 26636 38061 [AL44] former car park

 East Newton pillboxes (Google Earth): 2003

Two of the East Newton boxes were erected close to each other. In the satellite imagery, both structures are seen 27 metres back from the cliff edge [Google Earth historical: 2003].

 CHL unit at East Newton (edge of cliff): 10 June 2012

TA 26341 38627 [AL60] – 1

The larger unit served as a generator room for the Chain Home Low (CHL) radar network. Before the cliff line receded, it was used as an animal shelter.

Overlooking the edge [10 June 2012].

 CHL unit at East Newton (descending cliff): 16 February 2014

(TA 26341 38627) [AL60] – 2

Descent to the beach was steady at first...

 CHL unit at East Newton (descending cliff): 16 February 2014

(TA 26341 38627) [AL60] – 3

...although the angle was steep [16 February 2014].

 CHL unit at East Newton (descending cliff): 3 August 2016

(TA 26341 38627) [AL60] – 4

Movement was brought to a temporary halt partly as a result of cliff material being pushed and accumulating before the unit [3 August 2016].

 CHL unit at East Newton (almost on beach): 14 February 2019

(TA 26341 38627) [AL60] – 5

In all, the journey from land to sand took nearly seven years [14 February 2019].

East Newton’s CHL box is not expected to last long on the beach. Already the front section has been stripped off. Waves are able to enter unimpeded into the chamber through the seaward facing entrance, where there is little escape for storm energy.

 pillbox at East Newton (descending cliff): 5 May 2012

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 1

Pillbox begins a slide down the cliff [5 May 2012].

 pillbox at East Newton (descending cliff): 10 June 2012

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 2

Almost on the beach. The slide path indicates a deflection (towards the camera) round a snout at the foot of the cliff [10 June 2012].

The start of the descent of the pillbox from its original position is captured in the lower half of the Sea Field Project gallery.

 pillbox at East Newton (on beach): 27 November 2013

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 3

Taken days before the tidal surge of December 2013, the picture shows a full, sandy beach [27 November 2013].

 pillbox at East Newton (on beach): 16 February 2014

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 4

A few winter weeks later and the upper beach is completely removed to expose the clay platform. In the background, the neighbouring CHL unit can be seen part way on its slide down the cliff [16 February 2014].

 pillbox at East Newton (on beach): 16 February 2014

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 5

The most vulnerable part of a pillbox of the lozenge type is the L-shaped (anti-)blast wall designed to protect the entrance during enemy attack. If the wall is not broken off on the way down the cliff then it is unlikely to remain attached for long under pounding by the waves [16 February 2014].

 pillbox at East Newton (interior): 16 February 2014

TA 26427 38565 [AL39] – 6

Every pillbox picture gallery begs an interior shot. The central wall of the unit not only supports the roof but helps protect occupants from ricochet. Beach sediment fills the inside almost to the embrasures (openings from which to fire a weapon) [16 February 2014].

Video of storm waves breaking over the pillbox [6 December 2013]:

Windows Media Player (.wmv)

QuickTime (.mov)

tablet (.mp4)

 pillbox at East Newton (interior): 16 February 2014

TA 26557 38600 [AL63]

Identified as the remains of a beach searchlight housing, the piece is 159 metres from the foot of the cliff. Units AL39 and – to the right – AL60 are in the background [19 August 2019].

 East Newton beach searchlight: 19 August 2019

TA 26636 38061 [AL44]

Guardian of the car park at East Newton [27 November 2013].

The car park is now closed and inaccessible to vehicles.


TA 27329 37265 [part of AL52]
  tower (battery observation post) on beach

See Ringbrough page.

Ringbrough Farm (site of)

TA 27245 37189 [AL55] by side of entrance

Ringbrough, south of

TA 27821 36542 [possibly part of EG1] on beach

 Ringbrough south pillbox (Google Earth): 7 May 2007

TA 27821 36542 – 1

In its descent, the Beacon Hill pillbox south of Ringbrough moved to seaward by some 30 metres as it followed the slope of the receding cliff face [Google Earth historical: 2007].

 Ringbrough south pillbox: 5 May 2012

TA 27821 36542 – 2

The structure is recently deposited at the foot of the cliff, capped by a thin mat of vegetation, blast wall attached. A mudflow oozes round it on to a low beach [5 May 2012].

 Ringbrough south pillbox: 6 May 2013

TA 27821 36542 – 3

A year and a day later. The blast wall is now detached and lies somewhere under high sand [6 May 2013].

 Ringbrough south pillbox: 14 July 2014

TA 27821 36542 – 4

Dimensions of entrance (4ftx2ft). Beacon Hill refers to the former cliff top location of the pillbox (see Paul Glazzard) [14 July 2014].

 Ringbrough south pillbox: 22 September 2014

TA 27821 36542 – 5

Another low beach reveals the fallen blast wall. The platform which once supported the wall is now separated from the rest of the base and has dropped slightly [22 September 2014].


TA 28753 34940 [EG27] in copse


TA 29063 34347 [RO6] in field

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] on beach

 Hilston pillbox (Google Earth): 2003

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 1

The southermost Hilston pillbox at the edge of the cliff, by the side of Pastures Lane [Google Earth historical: 2003].

 Hilston pillbox (Google Earth): 7 May 2007

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 2

Linear displacement after arrival on the beach is about 27 metres.

A slight change of orientation is noticed. The blast wall has become detached and lies some 17 metres distant.

The ‘tail’ in the image is in fact a corner of the concrete base partly in shadow [Google Earth historical: 7 May 2007].

 Hilston beach pillbox: 17 September 2011

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 3

The structure sits on a thin beach after further positional disturbance, caused by wave action.

As with some other pillboxes, the entrance was sealed possibly on decommissioning, though the blockwork here is disintegrating [17 September 2011].

 Hilston beach pillbox: 28 September 2013

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 4

In this picture, the pillbox is largely buried by a high beach [28 September 2013].

 Hilston beach pillbox (close-up): 28 September 2013

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 5


 Hilston beach pillbox: 22 September 2016

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 6

Intact but exposed on another thin beach [22 September 2016].

 Hilston beach pillbox (remains): 2 September 2017

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 7

One year on, and Hilston beach pillbox is no more, the collapsed sections reduced to dispersing fragments [2 September 2017].

 Hilston beach pillbox (remains): 2 September 2017

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 8

From the beach [2 September 2017].

 Hilston pillbox: 17 June 1951
Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photography © copyright reserved (arrow added).

TA 29827 33777 [RO11] – 9

An oblique aerial photograph, taken ten years after installation, offers an idea of the earlier setting of the pillbox, and of coastal loss. RO11 is situated approximately 73 metres inland from the cliff edge [17 June 1951].

The cliff-parallel section of Pastures Lane is now completely gone.


TA 30162 32894 [RO33] boundary between fields

TA 31192 31960 [RO46/RO55] cliff top

TA 30817 31657 [RO63] hedgerow between fields

 Tunstall Orlit pillbox: 24 September 2011

TA 31192 31960 [RO46/RO55] – 1

On top of a (locally) standard lozenge pillbox sits an additional structure dating from the Cold War. This is an Orlit post, named after the manufacturer and erected by the Royal Observer Corps [24 September 2011].

 Tunstall Orlit pillbox: 12 November 2018

TA 31192 31960 [RO46/RO55] – 2

Part of the superstructure has collapsed. The cliff edge is 7.2 metres from the pillbox [12 November 2018].


TA 31682 31305 [RO77] end of Seaside Lane

TA 31668 31012 [RO96] boundary between fields

TA 32121 30904 [RM9] beach searchlight, on beach

TA 31995 30717 [RM12] boundary between fields

 beach searchlight at Sand-le-Mere: 26 February 2021

TA 32121 30904 [RM9] – 1

Military defence preparations at the low-lying site of a mere were extensive – see Austin J Ruddy. Much has been lost to coastal erosion, either directly or through recycling of concrete blocks to protect the cliffs.

A beach light emplacement survives, pictured at low tide surrounded by deep scour, some 106 metres from the cliff foot [26 February 2021].

 beach searchlight at Sand-le-Mere: 29 September 2012

TA 32121 30904 [RM9] – 2

The same piece on a previous occasion, less available but more accessible [29 September 2012].


TA 33037 29355 [RM39] corner of field


TA 35706 26051 [HL10] on beach

 Hollym pillbox (Google Earth): 2003

TA 35706 26051 [HL10] – 1

Hollym pillbox lying 14 metres inland from the cliff line [Google Earth historical: 2003]. Within five years it was at the cliff edge (see Paul Glazzard).

 Hollym pillbox: 3 September 2012

TA 35706 26051 [HL10] – 2

Distance from the foot of the cliff is stepped out at 140 feet (about 42.5 metres) [3 September 2012].

 Hollym pillbox: 16 November 2017

TA 35706 26051 [HL10] – 3

Pillbox with detached blast wall [16 November 2017].


Holmpton, The Runnell

TA 36678 24686 [HM3] mouth of dyke

 pillbox at The Runnell: 20 April 2013

TA 36678 24686 [HM3] – 1

The Runnell, once known as Nevills Drain, Holmpton [20 April 2013].

 pillbox at The Runnell: 21 September 2020

TA 36678 24686 [HM3] – 2

Erected inland, the pillbox later partially slipped into the dyke and will soon be on the beach [21 September 2020].

Holmpton, Seaside Road

TA 36822 24765 [HM1] group of anti-tank blocks, on beach

TA 36986 24570 beach searchlight, on beach

TA 36834 24536 [HM5] gunnery markers shelter (fragmented)

TA 36961 24316 [HM10/HM16] cliff top

TA 37190 23990 [HM21] side of road, within dense growth

 Holmpton anti-tank blocks: 21 September 2020

TA 36822 24765 [HM1]

Anti-tank blocks originally positioned across the mouth of The Runnell are currently some 165 metres from the cliff [21 September 2020].

 Holmpton beach searchlight: 21 September 2020

TA 36986 24570 [possibly HM4]

Remains of a beach searchlight. The piece lies 255 metres south-east of the HM1 anti-tank blocks, and at a similar distance to them from the cliff [21 September 2020].

 Holmpton gunnery markers shelter: 19 November, 2006

TA 36834 24536 [HM5] – 1

This unusual building was constructed – originally quite some metres from the cliff – to protect markers who were tasked to count hits on targets at the wartime Holmpton air-to-ground gunnery range [picture by Paul Glazzard: 19 November, 2006, with thanks to Peter Kirk of Kent for information].

 Holmpton gunnery markers shelter (remains): 10 May 2017

TA 36834 24536 [HM5] – 2

Coastal erosion catches up. A corner piece and what appears to be the roof, inverted, on a beach mostly stripped of cover [10 May 2017].

 Holmpton pillbox: 20 April 2019

TA 36834 24536 [HM5] – 2

Other remnants may be found downdrift of the site [20 April 2019].

 Holmpton pillbox: 20 April 2019

TA 36961 24316 [HM10/HM16]

Google Earth historical places the structure at 44.5 metres from the edge of the cliff in 2003. For this picture, the distance is down to 10 metres [20 April 2019].


Holmpton, Old Hive

TA 38077 23029 fragment near mouth of dyke

 Old Hive fragment: 31 August 2013

TA 38077 23029 – 1

Even smaller pieces can be useful as reference markers for observing beach changes.

Against a nearshore sea turned brown by eroded clay held in suspension, the fragment serves as a rest point [31 August 2013].

 Old Hive fragment: 30 May 2015

TA 38077 23029 – 2

Beach level in this picture is lowered by a metre [30 May 2015].

During 2016 and 2017 the piece was completely covered by sand and not visible.

 Old Hive fragment: 29 June 2019

TA 38077 23029 – 3

The fragment viewed from the approximate position of the cliff line when the original structure was built. It would have been installed on the south side of the Old Hive dyke, seen behind [29 June 2019].


Dimlington High Land

TA 38968 21879 (centre) [EA30] on beach

Dimlington High Land was chosen in the early years of the Second World War as a location for Chain Home Extra Low (CHEL) radar detection equipment.

The station included various huts and a steel lattice tower carrying a scanner. Nothing survives of the installation except for four large concrete blocks on which the tower was mounted.

Google Earth historical shows three of the blocks on the beach at the foot of the cliff by 2003. For convenience of reference, they became The Three Sisters.

The fourth block remained in situ for another ten years or so before descending the cliff.

As with other examples, the mounts assist in observing coastal changes.

 concrete blocks at Dimlington High Land: 12 May 2012

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 1

A low beach exposes the blocks almost entirely. Accompanying mudballs are a sign of active cliff erosion [12 May 2012].

 concrete blocks at Dimlington High Land: 3 September 2012

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 2

Here, the beach has a moderate cover overlain by cross-shore shingle [3 September 2012].

 concrete blocks at Dimlington High Land: 31 August 2013

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 3

A runnel passes round the base of the nearest block while a sand ridge occupies the foreground. These identify a beach feature known as an ord system. Upper beach shingle is cliff-parallel [31 August 2013].

 concrete block (upper cliff) at Dimlington High Land: 3 April 2013

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 4

Maintaining position [3 April 2013].

 concrete block (descending) at Dimlington High Land: 1 June 2017

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 5

Descent, though, is inevitable [1 June 2017].

 concrete blocks on beach at Dimlington High Land: 29 June 2019

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 6

The fourth (centre, nearest cliff) belatedly joins the other three. A high beach level conceals the full shape of the mounts [29 June 2019].

 concrete block on beach at Dimlington High Land: 29 June 2019

TA 38968 21879 [EA30] – 7

This sister has teeth! [29 June 2019].

Easington south

TA 40791 18921 [EA90] on beach

 Easington south pillbox

TA 40791 18921 [EA90] – 1

Showing signs of wear but still intact, the Easington south pillbox is seen here located about 87 metres from the cliff. Marine growth may initially make the image seem slightly out of focus. In the background at the right of the picture is part of the Easington gas terminal [2 January 2014].

Reproduced from John Dossor (1955), ‘The Coast of Holderness: The problem of erosion’, Plate 9, Figure 2, Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol 30, 133-145. By permission of the Council of the Yorkshire Geological Society.

TA 40791 18921 [EA90] – 2

Picture taken by Cecil Wright Mason, the same pillbox perilously overhangs the cliff at ‘Lane End’ (Seaside Road). Although clearly a lozenge type, modifications are apparent [11 March 1950].

Easington, south of

TA 40860 18535 [EA100] on beach

 Easington, south of, pillbox (Google Earth): 2003

TA 40860 18535 [EA100] – 1

Pillbox perched broadside to the edge of the cliff [Google Earth: 2003].

 inverted pillbox at south of Easington: 2 January 2014

TA 40860 18535 [EA100] – 2

Toppling rather than sliding, the structure arrived on the beach in an inverted position [2 January 2014].

 inverted pillbox at south of Easington: 2 January 2014

TA 40860 18535 [EA100] – 3

The base has collapsed into the shell [2 January 2014].

Easington dunes

TA 40979 17723 [EA126] by side of dyke

TA 40986 17440 [EA141] in field, close to beach

Kilnsea, north of

TA 40452 16808 [EA160] by side of dyke


TA 41064 16643 [EA164] accoustic mirror, concrete

TA 40953 15792 [EA198] on bank of estuary at bend in road

 Kilnsea pillbox: 11 August 2014

TA 40953 15792 [EA198]

Only the blast wall retains original position as the pillbox at Kilnsea slips to the shore of the Humber estuary. Curving away in the distance is the Spurn peninsula [11 August 2014].

Godwin Battery, Kilnsea

TA 41374 16206 [EA175] west of battery, in copse

TA 41745 16080 various structures, mostly on beach

See Godwin Battery, Kilnsea page.

Spurn Nature Reserve

TA 41676 15373 [EA211] estuary side of road

(Installations at the tip of Spurn not included.)


more on East Yorkshire coastal erosion


Text and pictures (unless otherwise captioned) by Brian Williams.