East Yorkshire coastal erosion

links and references

Last addition 14th March 2018.

go straight to references


Changing Horizons
Coastal change and the fishing industry in Holderness (video)
Heritage project commissioned by East Riding of Yorkshire Council
December 2013

The Holderness Coast – living with coastal erosion

British Geological Survey
index to relevant articles

British Geological Survey
Natural Environment Research Council
Coastal erosion of the Holderness to Spurn Head coast
Landslides and coastal erosion at Aldbrough, East Riding of Yorkshire (includes video)

Channel Coastal Observatory
Technical Report -Seabed Mapping - East Riding 2014
East Riding of Yorkshire Coastal Habitat Monitoring Project 2015
add to basket then download

Crown Estate
Aggregate dredging and the Humber coastline: a regional perspective of marine sand and gravel off
the Holderness and Lincolnshire coastline since the Ice Age

DHV Group
EUROSION Case Study: Holderness Coast

Sewerby cliff interpretation

East Riding of Yorkshire Council
Coastal Explorer
Coastal Information Pack
Coastal Explorer Interactive Map
Looking after our coastline / Defending the East Riding coastline
aerial flyover videos (June 2003)

England Coastal Path (proposed)
Natural England (2018)
Easington to Filey Brigg
Asken Ltd with John Chatterton Associates (2015)
Risks to potential future coastal path users on the Holderness Coast

English Heritage/Humber Field Archaeology (2014)
Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Yorkshire &Lincolnshire: Phase 3 (large file)

Environment Agency
Shoreline Management Plans (SMPs)
second generation (SMP2)

Environmental Systems Research Institute (esri)/ArcGIS
The Holderness Coast - living with coastal erosion
Story map by S Richardson (2017)

Halcrow Group Ltd (2013)
Coastal Change Adaptation Planning Guidance: East Riding of Yorkshire Council
Consultation draft

Hull Geological Society
Humberside Geologist Online

HM Government (2016)
Marine Conservation Zones: Holderness Inshore

Humber Estuary Coastal Authorities Group (HECAG) (2010)
Flamborough Head to Gibraltar Point Shoreline Management Plan
Non-Technical Summary (draft) (final)
(shows expected shoreline positions for 2025, 2055, 2105)

Kenneth Pye Associates Ltd
Holderness Erosion and Evolution of the Spurn Peninsula
Presentation by K Pye and S Blott

Leeds Geological Association
Field Visit Reports Summer 2014
3. Holderness: Glacial Features in Holderness

Pillbox Study Group

Pumpkin Interactive
Sustainable Coastal Management: Holderness
Promotional clip for educational DVD

Sea Field Project
East Newton
Fiona Caley (2011)

UK Fossils Network
East Riding

University of Hull
The East Riding Coastline: Past, Present and Future

University of Sheffield
BRITICE (2017)

Wikimedia Commons
Coastal erosion in the East Riding of Yorkshire

East Riding of Yorkshire Council
cliff erosion data table
cliff erosion loss table
beach profiles

erosion map
Coastal Explorer interactive map
archive maps index
NLS old map collection
Old Maps Online

Google Earth Pro (download page)
UK Grid Reference Finder
Channel Coastal Observatory
distance calculator
erosion calculator (download)



Wherever possible, a link is provided to access the full work. Some websites require subscription or one-off payment in order to proceed beyond an abstract. Occasionally, a link may fail if material is removed from the internet (links are regularly checked for this). As applies to all published material, please mention the source in any reproduction.

Ash, J, Fenn, T, Daly, E (Risk & Policy Analysts Ltd),
Morgan, N, Tucker, M (Watsons),
and Willis, K (University of Newcastle) (2009)
‘Changes in asset values on eroding coasts’
Joint DEFRA/Environment Agency
Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management R&D Programme
Technical report FD2623/TR

Ashton, A, Murray, A B, and Arnoult, O (2001)
‘Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angled waves’
Nature, 414, ‘letters to nature’, 296-300

Ayrton, H (1910)
‘The origin and growth of ripple-mark’
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 84:285-310

Barkwith, A, Hurst, M D, Thomas, C W, Ellis, M A, Limber, P W,
and Murray, A B (2013)
’Assessing the influence of sea walls
on the coastal vulnerability of a pinned, soft-cliff, sandy coastline’

Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions, 1, 1127-1149

Barkwith, A, Thomas, C W, Limber, P W, Ellis, M A, and Murray, A B (2013)
‘Assessing the natural morphological sensitivity of a pinned, soft-cliff,
sandy coast to a changing wave climate’

Earth Surface Dynamics Discussions, 1, 855–889
revised 2014

Barton, M, and Brown, S (2014)
‘Littoral drift barriers and the problem of proving accelerated recession’
Lollino, G, Manconi, A, Locat, J, Huang, Y, and Canals Artigas, M (eds)
Engineering Geology for Society and Territory
Vol 4: Marine and Coastal Processes


Bateman, M D, Buckland, P C, Whyte, M A, Ashurst, R A, Boulter, C,
and Panagiotakopulu, E (2011)
‘Re-evaluation of the Last Glacial Maximum typesite at Dimlington, UK’
Boreas, 40, 4, 573–584

Bateman, M D, Evans, D J A, Buckland, P C, Connell, E R, Friend, R J, Hartman, D,
Moxon, H, Fairburn, W A, Panagiotakopulu, E, and Ashurst, R A (2015)
‘Last glacial dynamics of the Vale of York and North Sea lobes of the British and Irish Ice Sheet’
Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 126 (6), 712-730

Bateman, M D, Evans, D J A, Roberts, D H, Medialdea, A, Ely, J, and Clark, C D (2018)
‘The timing and consequences of the blockage of the Humber Gap by the last British-Irish Ice Sheet’
Boreas, 47, 41–61

Beaumont, L (fieldwork 2009)
‘The Provenance of the Glacial Tills on the Holderness Coast, East Yorkshire, UK’
Hull Geological Society
Humberside Geologist, 15

Bell, F G (2002)
‘The geotechnical properties of some till deposits occurring along the coastal areas of eastern England’
Engineering Geology, 63, 49-68

Berridge, N G, and Pattison, J (1994)
‘Geology of the Country around Grimsby and Patrington’
Memoir of the British Geological Survey, 1:50,000 geological sheets 81, 82, 90 and 91
London: HMSO

Bisat, W S (1939)
‘Older and newer drift in East Yorkshire’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 24, 137-151

Blewett, J C (1998)
‘Measurement of suspended sediment transport processes off the Holderness coast –
southern North Sea, England’

PhD thesis, University of Plymouth

Boston, C M (2007)
‘An examination of the geochemical properties of Late Devensian glacigenic sediments in Eastern England’
MSc thesis, University of Durham

Boyes, S, Cutts, N, and Elliott, M (2010)
‘Aldbrough Gas Storage Project: Environmental considerations for leaching infrastructure protection through erosion control’
Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies, University of Hull
Report to Jacobs/Scottish & Southern Energy (SSE)
Reference No: ZBB758-F-2010

Boyes, S, Barnard, S, and Elliott, M (2016)
The East Riding Coastline: Past, present and future (pdf)
University of Hull, Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies

Brown, S (2008)
‘Soft cliff retreat adjacent to coastal defences, with particular reference to Holderness and Christchurch Bay, UK’
PhD thesis, University of Southampton

Brown, S, Barton, M E, and Nicholls, R J (2011)
‘Coastal retreat and/or advance adjacent to defences in England and Wales’
Journal of Coastal Conservation,15, (4), 659-670

Brown, S, Barton, M E, and Nicholls, R J (2012)
‘The effect of coastal defences on cliff top retreat along the Holderness coastline’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59 (1), 1-13

Brown, S, Barton, M E, and Nicholls, R J (2014)
‘Shoreline response of eroding soft cliffs due to hard defences’
Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineeers
Maritime Engineering
, 167, 1, 3–14

Brown, S, Barton, M E, and Nicholls, R J (2016)
‘The influence of groyne fields and other hard defences on the shoreline configuration of soft cliff coastlines’
Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton

Bryn, P, Berg, K, Forsberg, C F, Solheim, A, and Kvalstad, T J (2005)
‘Explaining the Storegga Slide’
Marine and Petroleum Geology, 22, 11-19

Burke, H F, Morgan, D J, Kessler, H, and Cooper, A H (2010)
A 3D geological model of the superficial deposits of the Holderness area
Natural Environment Research Council: British Geological Survey
Geology and Landscape Programme Commissioned Report CR/09/132

Busfield, M E, Lee, J R, Riding, J B, Zalasiewicz, J, and Lee, S V (2015)
‘Pleistocene till provenance in east Yorkshire:
reconstructing ice flow of the British North Sea Lobe’

Proceedings of the Geologist’s Association, 126, 86-99

Butcher, A P (1991)
‘The observation and analysis of a failure in a cliff of glacial clay till
at Cowden, Holderness’
The Institute of Civil Engineers
Slope Stability Engineering: Developments and applications
Proceedings of an international conference held Isle of Wight, 15-18 April 1991
London: Thomas Telford
abstract Google Books

Cambers, G (1973)
‘The retreat of unconsolidated quaternary cliffs’
PhD thesis, University of East Anglia

Cambers, G (1976)
‘Temporal scales in coastal erosion systems’
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 1, 2, 246-256
abstract and first page

Castedo Ruiz, R (2012)
‘A more complete process-response model for soft rock cliff recession’
‘Modelización de costas rocosas acantiladas’
PhD thesis, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
144-177 (161-194 pdf) in English

Castedo, R, Paredes, C, Murphy, W, and Lawrence, J (2012)
‘A new process-response coastal recession model of soft rock cliffs’
Geomorphology, 177-178, 128-143

Castedo, R, Paredes, C, Murphy, W, and Lawrence, J (2012)
‘Process-response coastal bluff recession model, applicable to Holderness coast (UK)’
Coastal Engineering Proceedings, No 33
Geomorphology, 177-178, 128-143

Castedo, R, de la Vega-Panizo, R, Fernández-Hernández, M, and Paredes, C (2014)
‘Measurement of historical cliff-top changes and estimation of future trends
using GIS data between Bridlington and Hornsea – Holderness Coast (UK)’
Geomorphology, 230, 146-160

Catt, J A (1987)
Ellis, S (ed)
East Yorkshire Field Guide
(Prepared for Short Field Meeting held at Hull, 11-14 September 1987)
Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association

Catt, J A (2001)
‘Dimlington Cliff’
Bateman, M D, Buckland, P C, Frederick, C D, and Whitehouse, N J (eds)
The Quaternary of East Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire
Field Guide
London, Quaternary Research Association, 53-67

Catt, J A (2007)
‘The Pleistocene glaciations of eastern Yorkshire: a review’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 56, 177-207

Catt, J A and Digby, P G N (1988)
‘Boreholes in the Wolstonian Basement Till at Easington, Holderness, July 1985’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 47, 21-27

Catt, J A, and Madgett, J A (1981)
‘The work of W S Bisat FRS on the Yorkshire coast’
Neale, J and Flenley, J (eds)
The Quaternary in Britain
Oxford: Pergamon Press

Catt, J A, and Penny, L F (1966)
‘The Pleistocene deposits of Holderness, East Yorkshire’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 35 (3), No.16, 375-420

Ciavola, C (1997)
‘Coastal dynamics and impact of coastal protection works on the Spurn Head spit (UK)’
Catena, 30, 369-389

Clark, C D, Hughes, A L C, Greenwood, S L, Jordan, C, and Sejrup, H P (2010)
‘Pattern and timing of retreat of the last British-Irish Ice Sheet’
Quaternary Science Reviews

Clarke, R S (2015)
‘The development of hutment colonies – case study of Aldbrough Cliff Top colony, East Yorkshire’
South Ferriby, Lincolnshire: Richard Clarke

Coles, B J (1998)
‘Doggerland: A speculative survey’,
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 64, 45-81

David Tyldesley and Associates (2003)
‘The rollback of caravan and holiday home parks from the eroding East Yorkshire coastline’
Report to the East Riding of Yorkshire Council
Document reference 1455 appendices

Davidson-Arnott, R (2010)
Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology
Cambridge University Press

Defra/Environment Agency (2004)
Understanding and predicting beach morphological change processes associated
with the erosion of cohesive foreshores – scoping report

Author: Brew, D S
Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management R&D Programme
Technical Report FD1915/TR

Defra/Environment Agency (2007)
Understanding and predicting beach morphological change associated
with the erosion of cohesive shore platforms

Authors: Royal Haskoning, British Geological Survey, University of Sussex,
Newcastle University
Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management R&D Programme
Technical Report FD1926/TR
final report

Defra/Environment Agency (2015)
Delivering benefits through evidence:
Cost estimation for coastal protection – summary of evidence

Authors: Hudson, T, Keating, K, and Pettit, A
JBA Consulting
Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management R&D Programme
Report SC080039/R7

Devon Karst Research Society
‘Table of simplified geological (British Isles Holocene and Pleistocene),
environmental and archaeological comparative time chart
and supporting information’

Dong, P, and Guzzetti, F (2005)
‘Frequency-Size Statistics of Coastal Soft-Cliff Erosion’
Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 131, 1, 37-42

Dorman, J E (1990)
‘Guardians of the Humber:
The Humber defences 1856-1956’
Humberside Heritage publication No 16

Dossor, J (1955)
‘The coast of Holderness: The problem of erosion’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 30 (2), No 9, 133-145

Dove, D, Evans, D J A, Lee, J L, Roberts, D H, Tappin, D R, Mellett, C L, Long, D, and Callard, S L (2017)
‘Phased occupation and retreat of the last British–Irish Ice Sheet in the southern North Sea; geomorphic and seismostratigraphic evidence of a dynamic ice lobe’
Quaternary Science Reviews, 163, 114-134

East Riding of Yorkshire Council (2002)
‘Towards a Sustainable Coast’
East Riding Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan

East Riding of Yorkshire Council (2005)
The ‘roll back’ of residential and agricultural dwellings at risk from coastal erosion
in the East Riding of Yorkshire

(Roll Back Policy)

Ehlers, J, Gibbard, P L, and Hughes, P D (2011)
Quaternary Glaciations – Extent and Chronology: A closer look
Amsterdam: Elsevier
Google books

English Heritage (1998)
Monuments of War:
The evaluation, recording and management of twentieth-century military sites

Evans, A J (1998)
‘The application of microstructural analysis to macroscale forms:
The dynamics of the East Coast Late Devensian Glaciers’

‘The Causes and Implications of Microstructures in Glacial Sediments’
PhD thesis, University of Leeds, Ch 8, 174-227

Evans, D J, Clark, C D, and Mitchell, W A (2005)
‘The last British ice sheet:
A review of the evidence utilised in the compilation of the glacial map of Britain’

Earth-Science Reviews, 70 (3-4), 253-312
White Rose Repository

Evans, D J, Owen, L A, and Roberts, D (1995)
‘Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Devensian (Dimlington Stadial) glacial deposits,
East Yorkshire, England’
Journal of Quaternary Science, 10, 3, 241–265

Evans, D J, Thomson, S A, and Clark, C D (2001)
‘The glacial history of East Yorkshire’
Bateman, M D, Buckland, P C, Frederick, C D, and Whitehouse, N J (eds)
The Quaternary of East Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire
Field Guide
London, Quaternary Research Association, 1-12

Evans, D J, and Thomson, S A (2010)
‘Glacial sediments and landforms of Holderness, eastern England:
A glacial depositional model for the North Sea Lobe of the British–Irish Ice Sheet’
Earth-Science Reviews, 101, 3–4, 147–189

Eyles, N, McCabe, A M, and Bowen, D Q (1994)
‘The stratigraphic and sedimentological significance of Late Devensian Ice Sheet surging in Holderness, Yorkshire, U.K.’
Quaternary Science Reviews, 13, 727–759

Fitch, S, Gaffney, V, and Thomson, K (2007)
‘In Sight of Doggerland: From speculative survey to landscape exploration’
Internet Archaeology, 22

Flenley, J R (1987)
‘The meres of Holderness’
Ellis, S (ed)
East Yorkshire Field Guide
(Prepared for Short Field Meeting held at Hull, 11-14 September 1987)
Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association

Foote, Y L M (1994)
‘Waves, currents and sand transport predictors on a macro-tidal beach’
PhD thesis, University of Plymouth

French, P W (2001)
Coastal Defences: Processes, problems and solutions
London: Routledge

Funnel, B (1997)
‘The climates of past ages’
Hulme, M, and Barnes, E (eds)
Climates of the British Isles: Present, past and future
London: Routledge

Furlan, C (2008)
‘Hierarchical random effect models for coastal erosion of cliffs in the Holderness coast’
Statistical Methods & Applications, 17, 3, 335-350

Gilbertson, D D, Briggs, D J, Blackham, A M, Gale, S J
Hall, A R, Hunt, C O, and Thew, N M (1987)
‘The Late Quaternary lake margin sequence at Skipsea Withow Mere’
Ellis, S (ed)
East Yorkshire Field Guide
(Prepared for Short Field Meeting held at Hull, 11-14 September 1987)
Cambridge: Quaternary Research Association

Gilbertson, D D (1990)
‘The Holderness meres:
Stratigraphy, archaeology and environment’
Ellis, S, and Crowther, D R (eds)
Humber Perspectives: A region through the ages
Hull University Press

Gravenor, C P (1985)
‘Glacial tectonic and flow structures in glaciogenic deposits:
A cautionary note’

Copenhagen: Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 34, 3-11

Gravens, M B, and Wang, P (2007)
Laboratory Testing of Longshore Sand Transport by Waves and Currents;
Morphology Change Behind Headland Structures

Data report
University of South Florida
Geology Faculty Publications, Paper 258

John, B (ed) (1979)
The Winters of the World: Earth under the ice ages
Newton Abbot: David & Charles

Jones, A K (1981)
‘The Maps of Yorkshire, printed in the period 1577-1857,
as sources of topological information’

PhD thesis, University of Leeds

Kent, G H R (ed), Allison, K J, Baggs, A P, Cooper,T N,
Davidson-Cragoe, C, and Walker, J (2002)
A History of the County of York East Riding:
Volume 7 - Holderness Wapentake, Middle and North Divisions

Victoria County History/British History Online

Kline, S W, Adams, P N, and Limber, P W (2014)
‘The unsteady nature of sea cliff retreat due to mechanical abrasion,
failure and comminution feedbacks’
Geomorphology, 219, 53-67

Kraus, N C, and Galgano, F A (2001)
‘Beach Erosional Hot Spots: Types, causes, and solutions’
Coastal and Hydraulics Engineering Technical Note CHETN-II-44
U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS

Lamplugh, G W (1887)
‘Report on the buried cliff at Sewerby, near Bridlington’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 9, 381-392

Lands Tribunal (1999)
Compensation in the matter of a Notice of Reference between John David Foster Earle, Susan Ann Fletcher Earle (Claimants) and East Riding of Yorkshire Council (Compensating Authority) Re: Grange Farm, Great Cowden, Yorkshire
Decision reference LCA/143/95

Lee, E M (2011)
‘Reflections on the decadal-scale response of coastal cliffs to sea-level rise’
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 44, 481-489

Lee, E M, and Clark, A R (2002)
Soft Cliffs Manual for Managers
DEFRA, part of R&D Project FD2403/1302

Lee, J R (2011)
‘Cool Britannia: from Milankovich wobbles to Ice Ages’
Mercian Geologist, 17, 4

Lees, J A (1994)
‘Modelling the Magnetic Properties of Natural and Environmental Materials’
PhD thesis, Coventry University

Macfarlane, V (2012)
‘Spatial and temporal patterns of erosion along the Holderness coastline, North East Yorkshire, UK’
The Plymouth Student Scientist, 2012, 5, 330-388
University of Plymouth

Maddrell, R, Bugess, K, and Hamer, B (2003)
‘Short and long term impact of the construction of coast defences on coastal erosion’
Coasts & Ports Australasian Conference 2003

Madgett, P A, and Catt, J A (1978)
‘Petrography, stratigraphy and weathering of Late Pleistocene tills in East Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and North Norfolk’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 42 (1), No 5, 55-108

Marsters, T J (2011)
‘Quaternary geology of the Holderness coast: A brief overview’
Hull Geological Society: Humberside Geologist, No 15

Marsters, T J (2011)
‘Skipsea Withow Mere’
Hull Geological Society: Humberside Geologist, No 15

Mason, S J (1985)
‘Beach development, sediment budget and coastal erosion at Holderness’
PhD thesis, University of Sheffield (White Rose Repository)

Mason, S J, and Hansom, J B (1988)
‘Cliff erosion and its contribution to a sediment budget for part of the Holderness Coast, England’
Shore and Beach, 56, 30-38

Matthews, E R (1905)
‘Erosion on the Holderness Coast of Yorkshire’
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 159, 58-78
first page (ICE Virtual Library)

Matthews, E R (1913)
Coast Erosion and Protection
London: Charles Griffin

May, V J (2003)
‘Spurn Head’
Geological Conservation Review, 28, 8 (site report)

Memczak, C, Burns, J, Knowles, L, Martin, S, and Southern, L (2006)
with contribution by Horne, M
‘The geochemistry of the Red Clays of Holderness and their origin’
Humberside Geologist Online (Humberside Geologist No 14)

Montreuil, A-L, and Bullard, J E (2012)
A 150-year record of coastline dynamics within a sediment cell:
Eastern England

Loughborough University Institutional Repository (link)
Geomorphology, 179, 168-185 (citation)

Moore, A B (2001)
‘The development of a holistic expert system for integrated coastal zone management’
PhD thesis, University of Plymouth

Moreno, L J, and Kraus, M (1999)
‘Equilibrium shape of headland-bay beaches for engineering design’
Proceedings, Coastal Sediments ’99, 860 – 875
New York: ASCE

Moore, A B, Morris, K P, Blackwell, G K, Jones, A R, and Sims, P C (2003)
‘Using geomorphological rules to classify photogrammetrically-derived digital elevation models’
International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, 13, 2613-2626

Morgan, D, and Burke, H (2012)
‘An Ipswichian palaeo-shoreline in Holderness’
British Geological Survey (poster)

Newsham, R, Balson, P S, Tragheim, D G, and Denniss, A M (2002)
‘Determination and prediction of sediment yields from recession of the Holderness coast, NE England’
Journal of Coastal Conservation, 8, 49-54

Nicholas, J R (2002)
‘Grain size analysis of the sediments of Spurn Head, East Yorkshire, England’
PhD thesis, University of Cincinatti

Penny, L F and Catt, J A (1967)
‘Stone orientation and other structural features of tills in east Yorkshire’
Geological Magazine, 104, 344–360

Pethick, J (1996)
‘Coastal slope development: temporal and spatial periodicity in the Holderness cliff recession’
Anderson, M G, and Brooks, S M (eds)
Advances in Hillslope Processes, 2, 897-917
Chichester: Wiley

Phillips, J (1829)
Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire...The Yorkshire Coast
York: Thomas Wilson
Second Edition (1835)
London: John Murray
Google Books

Pickles, J (2011)
‘Coastal Change Management in the East Riding of Yorkshire’
Presentation for ‘Humber and the English East Coast’
Symposium at University of Hull, 26-28th April 2011
Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA)

Pickwell, R (1878)
‘The Encroachment of the Sea, from Spurn Point to Flamboro’ Head,
and the works executed to prevent the loss of land’
Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers, 51, 191-212
first page (ICE Virtual Library)

Powell J J M and Butcher, A P (2003)
‘Characteristics of a glacial clay till at Cowden, Humberside’
Tan, T S, Phoon, K K, Hight, D W, and Leroueil, S (eds)
Characterisation and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils
Lisse: Balkema

Prandle, D, Ballard, G, Banaszek, A, Bell, P, Flatt, D, Hardcastle, P,
Harrison, A, Humphery, J, Holdaway, G, Lane, A, Player, R, Williams, J,
and Wolf, J (1996)
‘The Holderness Coastal Experiment ’93-’96’
Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Report 44

Pringle, A W (1981)
‘Beach development and coastal erosion in Holderness, north Humberside’
Neale, J and Flenley, J (eds)
The Quaternary in Britain
Oxford: Pergamon Press

Pringle, A W (1985)
‘Holderness coast erosion and the significance of ords’
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 10, 2, 107-124

Pringle, A W (2003)
Classic Landforms of the Coast of the East Riding of Yorkshire
Geographical Association

Punnett, N (2000)
‘Coastal Erosion: Back to nature’
Geofile 19, 1, 388

Pye, K and Blott, S (2010)
‘Aldbrough Gas Storage Project:
Geomorphical assessment of impact of proposed cliff protecton works on adjoining areas’

Kenneth Pye Associates Ltd, External Investigation Report No. EX1214

Pye, K and Blott, S (2015)
‘Spatial and temporal variations in soft-cliff erosion along the Holderness coast,
East Riding of Yorkshire, UK’
Journal of Coastal Conservation, 19, 6, 785-808

Quinn, J D, Philip, L K, and Murphy, W (2009)
‘Understanding the recession of the Holderness coast, East Yorkshire, UK:
A new presentation of temporal and spacial patterns’

Quarterly Journal of Engineering and Hydrogeology, 42, 165-178
supplementary supplementary

Quinn, J D, Rosser, N J, Murphy, W, and Lawrence, J A (2010)
‘Identifying the behavioural characteristics of clay cliffs using intensive monitoring and geotechnical numerical modelling’
Geomorphology, 120, 107-122

Reid, C (1885)
‘The geology of Holderness and the adjoining parts of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire’
Memoirs of the Geological Survey England and Wales
London: (Printed for) HM Stationery Office

Richards, J A (1997)
‘Study of ords and cliff erosion on the Holderness coast using digital elevation models
derived from stereo aerial photographs’

MSc thesis, University of Plymouth

Robertson, I (1990)
‘Erosion and stability of the till cliffs on the Holderness coast’
PhD thesis, Newcastle University

Rose, J (1985)
‘The Dimlington Stadial/Dimlington chronozone:
A proposal for naming the main glacial episode of the Late Devensian in Britain’
Boreas, 14, 3, 225-230

Royal Commission on Coast Erosion (Vol I, 1907; Vol III, 1911)
HM Stationery Office

Scott, P A (1976)
‘Beach development along the Holderness coast, North Humberside,
with special reference to ords’
PhD thesis, University of Lancaster

Seymour, C (2006)
‘A moving right of way:
The law allows a highway to move away from tidal erosion’

Seymour Papers, Byways & Bridleways Trust

Sheppard, J A (1957)
‘The medieval meres of Holderness’
Institute of British Geographers: Transactions and Papers, 23, pp75-86

Sheppard, J A (1966)
‘The draining of the marshlands of South Holderness and the Vale of York’
East Yorkshire Local History Society: EY Local History Series No 20

Sheppard, T (1912)
The Lost Towns of the Yorkshire Coast
London: A Brown and Son

Straw, A (2008)
‘The last two glaciations of East Lincolnshire’

Thompson, C (1923)
‘The erosion of the Holderness coast’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 20, 32-39

Usai, M R (1994)
‘Assessment of thin sections of sediment samples from excavations at Withow Gap, Skipsea, Humberside (Site Code: CAS 489)’
Environmental Archaelogy Unit, University of York, Report 94/61

Valentin, H (1953)
‘Young Morainic Topography in Holderness’
Nature, 172:919-920

Valentin, H (1954)
‘Der Landverlust in Holderness, Ostengland von 1852 bis 1952’
Die Erde, 6:296-315 (DigiZeitschriften)

Valentin, H (1971)
‘Land loss at Holderness’ [reprint]
Steers, J A (ed)
Applied Coastal Geomorphology
London: Macmillan

Van Rijn, L C (2013)
‘Design of hard coastal structures against erosion’

HR Wallingford Ltd (2011)
‘York Development Pipeline Project: Beach erosion study’
Report EX 6577 (Release 3.0)

Wang, Z-Q, Tan, S-K, Cheng, N-S, and Goh, K-W (2008)
‘A simple relationship for crenulate-shaped bay in static equilibrium’
Coastal Engineeering, 55, 1, 73-78

Weesakul, S, Rasmeemasmuang, T, Tasaduak, S, and Thaicharoen, C (2010)
‘Numerical modeling of crenulate bay shapes’
Coastal Engineeering, 57, 2, 184-193

Weninger, B, et al (2008)
‘The catastrophic final flooding of Doggerland by the Storegga slide’
Documenta Praehistorica, XXXV

Winkelmolen, A M (1978)
‘Size, shape and density sorting of beach material along the Holderness coast, Yorkshire’
Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 42 (1), No 6, 109-141

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